pengertian dan contoh tenses

6 04 2013

1.  Simple Present Tense

Pengertian Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja untuk menyatakan fakta, kebiasaan, dan kejadian yang terjadi pada saat sekarang ini. Bentuk kata kerja ini paling sering digunakan dalam bahasa Inggris. 

Contoh:

  1. She Likes Eating Out
  2. The Children Are Naughty
  3. Does She Like Eating Out?
  4. The Children Are  Not Naughty
  5. She Does Not Like Eating Out

2. Present Continuous Tense

Present Continuous Tense adalah bentuk Kata Kerja yang digunakan untuk membicarakan aksi yang sedang berlangsung sekarang (present) atau rencana dimasa depan (future). Karena dapat digunakan pada present atau futuretense ini sering diiringi adverb untuk memperjelasnya. 

Contoh:

  1. The Ships Are Sailing
  2. He Is Smiling
  3. He Is Not Smiling
  4. The Ships Are Not Sailing
  5. He Is Rolling

3. SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Kita memakai Tense ini untuk membicarakan tentang satu perbuatan yang terjadi di masa lampau.

RUMUS :

(+) subject + Kata Kerja Bentuk ke – 2

(-) subject + did + not + Kata Kerja Bentuk ke – 1

(?) Did + subject + Kata Kerja Bentuk ke – 1

Pengecualian: Ketika Predikat suatu kalimat bukan kata kerja, maka pengganti kata kerja tersebut adalah was (I, she, he, it) dan were (we, you, they).

EXAMPLE :

a. They were student last year

b. Gading did not invite last week

c. Were we at school yesterday ?

d. She didn’t write a letter

e. It rain since at three o’clock

4.  PAST CONTINOUS

Tense ini menggambarkan suatu tindakan atau kejadian pada waktu tertentu di masa lampau ketika suatu kejadian, kegiatan, atau peristiwa lain terjadi.

RUMUS :

(+) subject + was, were + Kata Kerja + ing 

(-): S + was/were + NOT + Ving 

(?): Was/Were + S + Ving

 EXAMPLE :

a. I was watching TV when my father came from work

b. We were joking

c. She wasn’t washing the car

d. They were talking about sport when I met him

e. Was He watching television all afternoon last week

5.  PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Present perfect tense adalah suatu bentuk kata kerja yang digunakan untuk mengungkapkan suatu aktivitas atau situasi yang telah dimulai di masa lalu dan telah selesai pada suatu titik waktu tertentu di masa lalu atau masih berlanjut sampai sekarang.

Rumus :
Positif: S + have/has + V3
Negatif: S + have/sas Not + V3
Tanya: Have/has + S + V3

Contoh:
1. she has gone
2. she has not gone
3. has she gone ?
4. she has drunk milk
5. has she drunk milk ?

6.   PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUES TENSE

Tenses yang satu ini digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu kejadian, peristiwa atau apalah namanya, yang SUDAH terjadi dan MASIH berlangsung bahkan sangat mungkin AKAN berlanjut. Dari dulu hingga kini bahkan nanti. Kata “sudah” atau “dari dulu” disini bisa saja waktunya kemarin, 2 jam lalu, se-abad lalu, bisa juga beberapa menit yang lalu. Intinya kejadian yang hendak diungkapkan dalam Present Pefect Continuous Tense ini sebenarnya mirip dengan Present Continuous Tense, hanya saja penekannya bukan pada saat ini, melainkan pada periode waktunya tadi itu: sudah, masih dan akan.

Rumus :
Positif: S + have/has + been + Ving
Negatif: S + have/has + not + been + Ving
Tanya: Have/has + S + been + Ving

Contoh :
1. she has been learning english for 3 years
2. she has not been learning english for 3 years.
3. has she been learning english for 3 years ?
4. he has been coming 2 days ago
4. has he been coming 2 days ago ?

7. PAST PERFECT 

Tense ini mengekspresikan tindakan di masa lalu sebelum tindakan lain terjadi, namun kejadiannya di masa lampau.

RUMUS :

(+) Subject+had+been/V-3+object, adjective, adverb

(-) Subject+had+not+been/V-3+object, adjective, adverb

(?) Had+subject+V-3+object, adjective, adverb

EXAMPLE :

a.  I had listen the radio when you come here

b.  I had not been playing a football when they came.

c. When my brother arrived , I had painted my motor cycle

d.  She had been cooking a vegetable when he came

e. I had not been waiting for you since at seven o’clock

8. PAST PERFECT CONTINOUS 

Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu kejadian yang berlangsung lama sebelum kejadian yang lain di masa yang lampau juga.

RUMUS :

(+) Subject+had+been+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

(-) Subject+had+not+been+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

(?) Had+subject+V-ing+object, adjective, adverb

EXAMPLE :

a. Had my father been repairing a television before I knocked at the door ?

b. She had been helping me when they went to school

c. They hadn’t been living there for two month

d. I had not been looking for the Peter Gade for two week before we meet

e. When they washed my dress , had your father been playing vollyball ?

SUMBER :

http://susicigadisss.blogspot.com/2013/03/kalimat-16-tenses.html

http://wongzo.blogspot.com/2012/10/16-tenses-bahasa-inggris-beserta-rumus.html

tensesbahasainggris.com/

http://www.belajarbahasainggris.us


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